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Sexual discrimination is an attitude, or unfavorable treatment of a person in relation to their gender. Gender discrimination is generally of a social nature and doesn’t carry any legal consequences. It shouldn’t be confused with sexual discrimination or sexual harassment, which does constitute legal consequences in many countries. Sexual discrimination, in the workplace, is when a person, male or female, is hired, fired, given a promotion, layoff, or any type of fringe benefits, based solely on their gender. It is also unlawful to harass a person due to their sex. Sexual harassment may include unwelcome sexual advances, requests for sexual favors, or any other verbal or physical harassment of a sexual nature. Harassment can also include offensive remarks about a person’s sex.

Examples of Gender Discrimination:
In an educational setting, examples of gender discrimination could be when a student is excluded from a certain group due to their gender, or they’re denied a program or student loan or other opportunity due to gender.

Banks or other financial institutions are sometimes refused loans or credit based on one’s gender. Or, they may be offered unequal loan terms due to gender.

In social situations, gender has sometimes been used to justify different roles for men and women. Unfair gender discrimination follows gender stereotyping held by society. The United Nations has concluded that “women often experience a glass ceiling and that there are no societies in which women enjoy the same opportunities as men.” The term "glass ceiling" is used to describe a perceived limit, or blockage to advancement in employment based on any type of discrimination, but especially gender discrimination. In 1995, the Glass Ceiling Commission, a U.S. government-funded group, stated: "Over half of all Master’s degrees are now awarded to women, yet 95% of senior-level managers, of the top Fortune 1000 industrial and 500 service companies are men. Of them, 97% are white."


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